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How To Make A Cutting Board

How to Make a Cutting Board

Introduction

The professional woodworkers may easily build the cutting board. However, for beginners, 

it can be a bit challenging task.

 However, using the proper tools and materials and by following the step by step guide, the cutting board can be made efficiently.

The cutting boards can be easy as a single wood board or may contain many pieces with different wood species and shapes. Cutting Board Ideas

Some require a whole shop full of tools and others require few woodworking tools. 

The beauty of cutting boards is that no matter how skills you have, you can simply make a cutting board with basic tools. Woodworking Tools For Beginners

Tools and Materials

  • Rag
  • Parchment paper
  • Scrap wood
  • Wood glue (waterproof and mildew-, solvent- and heat-resistant)
  • Orbital sander
  • 1" chisel
  • 80-, 120- and 220-grit sanding pads
  • Food-graded oil like mineral oil, beeswax or walnut oil
  • Precisely cut 3/4" dense hardwood with a closed-grain (for ends: 2 pieces 16-1/8" x 3" and for center: 2 pieces 16" x 4-3/4", 1 piece 16" x 6-3/4")
  • Cut precisely 3/4" dense hardwood with the closed grain
  • For ends: 2 pieces 16-1/8" x 3"
  • For Centre : 2 pieces 16" x 2-3/4", 1 piece 16" x 6-3/4"
  • 4 12-inch bar clamps
  • 2 3-foot pipe clamps

Step 1: Assemble Wood

To start with, make sure wood is not wrapped and is cut accurately and is smooth and square on all sides. 


Set two pieces of the same size of scrap wood on the work surface.


 Place the pieces of parchment paper over the scrap wood to avoid cutting board pieces from sticking to scraps while glued.

On either side, place 16" x 6-3/4" piece in the center with two 16"x4-3/4" pieces.


Make sure that alternate end grain to reduce wrapping,


 for example, the arc of grain on the center piece must be face up and the grain on two end pieces must point down.

Step 2: Glue the Board Center Together

In this step, you need to apply some drops of glue along one side of the center piece of the wood. 


Immediately spread the glue with a fingertip after that lay it flat and butt against right side piece.


Now, apply glue to the right side of the left piece, then, spread the glue with fingertip and butt against the left side of the center piece.


Also, ensure that all edges are lined up.

Step 3: Clamp Boards

Clamp boards in a proper place using two pipe clamps to press them together as well as four-bar clamps to ensure that joints are straight. 


When using clamps on a seam use small pieces of parchments paper to keep clamps from sticking to glue.


While using a damp rag, clean any glue that squeezes out.


Allow the board to remain clamped overnight or for a few hours.

Step 4: Scrape Off Excess Glue

Remove the wooden cutting board from clamps when the glue has dried.


Scrape off the excess dried glue with a tool called chisel, working gently to avoid damaging the wood.


Repeat this step on all seams.

Note: It is essential to scrape off all traces of excess glue from the wood before the food-safe is applied in the last step.

Step 5: Glue End Pieces

In this step, you need to glue the finalized pieces.


So, you can simply line up the end grain of center pieces along with end pieces, and repeat step 2 and 3.

Step 6: Oil It Up

To provide the wood protection from water, you can get food-grade mineral oil from drug stores and grocery stores; finish it with food-grade mineral oil.


Flood the surface with food-grade mineral oil, let it absorb for a couple of minutes, after that clear it off.


 Let it dry overnight or a couple of hours and repeat the process two or three times.


You can also apply oil again in case of a board drying out.

Step 7: Finishing Board

Finally, you need to remove the wooden cutting board from clamps once the glue has dried.


Scrape off excess dried glue with a tool called chisel, by using an orbital sander fitted with 90-grit sanding pad sand edges to soften corner and sand both sides of the board.


Continue the sanding process with 120-grit sandpaper after that 220-grit sandpaper.

Ensure that all dried glue is sanded off the surface before finishing.


Moving forward, you need to rub the cutting board with few coats of food-graded mineral oil.


You can also use beeswax or walnut oil, allowing the oil to completely absorb into the wood.


 Before using the cutting board, allow the cutting board to dry overnight or a few hours as mentioned above.

Important Steps to Follow While You Finish a Cutting Board

  1. 1
    Sand
  2. 2
    Raise the Grain
  3. 3
    Remove the Raised Grain
  4. 4
    Oil the Cutting Board
  1. 5
    Even More Oil
  2. 6
    Melt Wax and Mix
  3. 7
    Applying Wax Mixture
  4. 8
    Buff

Moreover, there are a lot of ways to finish a cutting board; however, no finish is maintenance-free. 

The more you utilize the cutting board, the more you will have to apply the finish.

The final finish can be a two-step process.

 The initial step is applying oil that soaks deep into the wood, and the other step is adding the protective film on top of its surface.

Note: As for most of the food-safe finishes, the wood cutting board finish will need the regular reapplying.

 So, if you are planning to gift this board to someone, also consider presenting them a bottle of this oil along with various care instructions.

If you still unsure about how to make a cutting board, you can watch this short video tutorial for more information:

Final Words

Your finalized wooden cutting board should last for years. 

So, some important things can help you keep your cutting board in great shape. For cleaning purposes, you can consider running the cutting board through soapy water.

However, do not let the board soak in the soapy water. You should apply more mineral oil after a few uses.

As the cutting board gets cut up with its long use, you can choose to take it out to sander and repeat the sanding steps as mentioned in this tutorial.

This will help you remove the cut marks and make your cutting board new.

Another alternative is to leave the one surface of your board alone, in that way you always have an

unused surface you can display in the kitchen. 


So, Good Luck with making your new cutting board!

We hope this tutorial helped you out. Let us know your thoughts in the comments section.

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